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Benjamin Appel (Ph.D., University of Maryland, 2012) is an assistant professor of Political Science at Michigan State University. His research and teaching interests include world politics, conflict processes, international law and institutions, and research design and statistical issues. His primary research agenda is on how international law on the use of force influences the behavior of leaders in international crises.He has other work on international law and the peaceful resolution of territorial disputes, transitional justice institutions and the reoccurrence of civil conflict, third party coercion and compliance with the laws of war, information problems and the dynamics of conflict escalation, and the duration and termination of genocide and high-repression spells. He has published articles in the American Political Science Review, the American Journal of Political Science,International Studies Quarterly, and the Journal of Peace Research.